The three guiding principles of Jainism, the 'three jewels', are right belief, right knowledge and right conduct. The supreme principle of Jain living is non violence (ahimsa)
Jainism traditionally known as Jain Dharma. Followers of Jainism are called "Jains".Jainism has between 4-5 million followers, with most Jains residing in India. Jain communities are also present in North America, UK, Hong kong, Fiji and other Countries
Jainism is a transtheistic religion and they believe in ahiṃsā (non-violence), anekāntavāda (many-sidedness), aparigraha (non-attachment) and asceticism.
- The main religious premises of Jainism are Devout Jains take five main vows: ahiṃsā (non-violence), satya (truth), asteya (not stealing), brahmacharya (celibacy or chastity or sexual continence), and aparigraha (non-attachment).
- Jainism is an eternal dharma with the tirthankaras guiding every cycle of the Jain cosmology. Their religious texts are called Agamas.
Jainisma word derived from the Sanskrit word jina (victor) referring to the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths by destroying karma through an ethical and spiritual life
- Jains trace their spiritual ideas and history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviours and teachers known as tirthankaras, with the first being Rishabhanatha, who according to Jain tradition lived millions of years ago, the twenty-third being Parshvanatha in 900 BCE, and the twenty-fourth being the Mahāvīra around 500 BCE.
- They predominantly vegetarian lifestyle that avoids harm to animals and their life cycles.
- Parasparopagraho Jīvānām (the function of souls is to help one another) is the motto of Jainism.
- Ṇamōkāra mantra is the most common and basic prayer in Jainism.
- Major Jain festivals include Paryushana and Daslakshana, Ashtanika, Mahavir Janma Kalyanak, and Dipawali.
Jainism has two major ancient sub-traditions, Digambaras and Śvētāmbaras; several smaller sub-traditions emerged in the 2nd millennium CE. The Digambaras and Śvētāmbaras have different views on ascetic practices, gender and which Jain texts can be considered canonical.